More than a million families were on the waiting list to receive Auxílio Brasil in February, according to a study by the CNM (National Confederation of Municipalities). The total of 1,050,295 families awaiting the benefit is more than double the number recorded in January (434,421).
The queue refers to families that meet the requirements and were registered in CadÚnico (Cadastro Único), but were not included in the program. According to the entity, these families correspond to 2,043,889 people. The minimum benefit amount is R$ 400 per month.
O UOL contacted the Ministry of Citizenship, but did not receive a response until the publication of this report.
The Jair Bolsonaro government (PL) launched Auxílio Brasil at the end of last year, to replace Bolsa Família, a brand of PT governments. The president seeks, with the social program, to increase his popularity this election year.
At the time of launch, the value of the benefit rose from R$ 224 to R$ 400. The Provisional Measure that defined the increase established that it is valid only for 2022. But during the process, last week, the Chamber decided to make the R$ 400 permanent. The measure still needs to be voted on in the Senate.
Government claims to have zero queue in December
The Bolsonaro government also claimed to have zeroed the waiting list for the benefit in December. In an interview with UOL, in January, the then Minister of Citizenship, João Roma, stated that “if now in January or February new people register and are eligible, the benefit will be granted and we will continue to clear the queue”.
The CNM survey says that the Auxílio Brasil queue never reached zero, but the study does not provide data for December. In November, there were 3.18 million families in the then Bolsa Família. In January, when the program was already called Auxílio Brasil, there was a reduction of 86.4% in the number of families waiting for the benefit, to 434,400.
But in February, the queue jumped 142% to 1.05 million.
Auxílio Brasil is aimed at families in poverty and extreme poverty. In March, the government readjusted the income brackets that define this condition. Extreme poverty went from living on R$100 per month to up to R$105 per person. The poverty range rose from R$200 to up to R$210 per person.
40% of the families in the queue are in the Southeast
The Southeast was the region with the most families in the queue in February, totaling 422,005, or about 40% of the total. See the number of families by region:
Southeast: 422,005 Northeast: 339,222 South: 130,972 North: 85,395 Midwest: 72,701
The state of São Paulo leads, with 204,455 in total. Then appear Minas Gerais (103,171), Rio de Janeiro (94,957), Bahia (89,323) and Pernambuco (69,457).
For the study, the CNM used data from Cecad, a tool that makes it possible to consult, select and extract information from CadÚnico and to know the socioeconomic characteristics of the families and people included in the registry.