The plenary of the Chamber of Deputies approved on the night of this Wednesday (11) the MP (Provisional Measure) nº 1.099, which creates the National Program for the Provision of Voluntary Civil Service. Edited at the end of January by the government of Jair Bolsonaro (PL), the MP provides for the offer of qualification courses and temporary work in city halls, without a formal contract, for young people and for workers over 50 years old.
Now the deputies will analyze the highlights presented by the parties in an attempt to change excerpts from the text of the rapporteur, deputy Bia Kicis (PL-DF).
Participants will receive grants calculated based on the value of the minimum hourly wage (currently R$5.51). The calculation of hours will take into account the time spent on work and courses.
So, if a beneficiary works 22 hours a week and participates in qualification activities for 12 hours a month, for example, they will total 100 hours dedicated to the program. The scholarship will be R$ 551. The payment will be the responsibility of the municipalities. There will be no transfer of Union resources.
The MP still needs to go through the Senate. The deadline for processing in Congress, before the measure expires, runs until June 1.
Reported in the Chamber by federal deputy Bia Kicis (PLDF), who is part of Bolsonaro’s support base, the approved text provides that the program will work for two years. Originally, the forecast was for operation only until the end of this year.
The MP was one of the actions presented by the government to stimulate the job market in 2022, the year in which Bolsonaro will seek re-election.
What sets the program
The focus of the program is young people between 18 and 29 and people over 50 who have been unemployed for more than two years. People with disabilities are also part of the target audience.
According to the proposal, beneficiaries of income transfer programs, such as Auxílio Brasil, and people belonging to families registered with CadÚnico (Single Registry for Social Programs) will have priority to participate.
The program will work as follows:
Cities that join the program will select participants, who will perform activities of public interest. The maximum workload will be 22 hours per week, limited to 8 hours per day Participants will also participate in training or qualification courses, with a minimum workload of 12 hours per month. Entities of the S System –such as Senai (National Service for Industrial Learning) and Senac (National Service for Commercial Learning)– will be responsible for the courses. Cities will be responsible for paying transportation vouchers or offering another form of free transportation. Personal accident insurance will also be contracted. Participants will receive a grant from the cities calculated based on the value of the minimum wage per hour (currently, R$ 5.51). The calculation of the hours will take into account the time spent at work and in the courses
Program is similar to another already rejected
The National Voluntary Civil Service Program is similar to another, which was part of a labor reform passed in the House last year and then overturned by the Senate. Even the name was similar: National Program for the Provision of Voluntary Social Service.
The MP at the time, which also included other programs, was vetoed by senators after critics claimed that it made work precarious. For the government and supporters of that MP, the modalities with less labor rights would generate jobs.
The bill that the Senate rejected last year would create new hiring regimes for young people and vacancies without the right to vacation, 13th salary and FGTS (Fundo de Garantia do Tempo de Serviço).
Among these modalities was the National Program for the Provision of Voluntary Social Service. In it, the worker would not be entitled to salary, vacations, 13th salary and FGTS. You could only receive a transport voucher.
The program would last 18 months and would be aimed at young people aged between 18 and 29, as well as people over 50. As in the program launched now, it would be up to the municipalities to create and offer vacancies, based on a regulation that would be edited by the Ministry of Labor and Social Security.