Bonn, Jun 22, 2022 (AFP) – Egypt calls on the international community to “face the reality” of climate change and make the necessary decisions during the new round of COP27 negotiations in November, which will take place in Sharm el-Sheij.
Accelerating the pace of the energy transition until 2030 and negotiating a reparation agreement for developing countries are the great challenges of these negotiations under the Egyptian presidency.
The prices of fossil energy, raw materials and metals, essential for the electrical conversion of transport vehicles, have soared, largely due to the war in Ukraine.
“Because of the geopolitical situation, climate change has been relegated,” Egyptian ambassador Mohamed Nasr explained in remarks to AFP during a break in UN negotiations in the German city of Bonn.
“We face an enormous challenge,” acknowledged the diplomat, who is part of the Egyptian organizing team.
“It’s time to face reality. We’ve been planning over and over again,” Nasr said. “Now the question is: are we going to fulfill our commitments?” he added.
The current executive secretary of the UN’s climate change body, Patricia Espinosa, from Mexico, warned delegates at the Bonn meeting that the negotiations in Sharm el-Sheikh “will have nothing to do” with those of the last climate conference (COP) in Glasgow. in November last year.
– Damage and loss – COP27 in Sharm el-Sheikh will have “African flavor and vision”, said Nasr, although its objectives are decidedly global.
Developed countries have promised to finance the energy transition of developing countries since 2020 with 100 billion dollars a year, an amount that has not been achieved so far.
Another obstacle to the negotiation, pending since Glasgow, is the so-called “damage and losses” caused by climate change induced by the consumption of fossil fuels in the most advanced countries. These countries have promised a “dialogue” on this point between now and 2024.
The pre-COP27 Bonn negotiations have not progressed. “It wasn’t what we expected,” Nasr acknowledged.
Egypt guarantees that it will update its plans to combat climate change within a few weeks, but the country, “like the vast majority of developing countries”, needs adequate international funding, underlined the ambassador.
The representatives of almost 200 nations that will meet in the first half of November in Egypt already know how the negotiations should go, warned Nasr. “They must make the task easier for the presidency and others and begin to deliver results,” he demanded.