President Jair Bolsonaro (PL) vetoed this Wednesday, 10, the readjustment approved by Congress of the amount passed on to states and municipalities for school meals. He also vetoed the readjustment of the budget of federal institutes and universities and of permanence grants.
The veto refers to the Budget Guidelines Law (LDO), which establishes the bases for the following year’s budget – in this case, 2023. The details of the resources will be presented in the budget law proposal, which must be sent to Congress by the end of August.
Today, through the National School Feeding Program (PNAE), the government transfers only R$ 0.53 for meals to each student enrolled in preschool and R$ 0.36 per elementary and high school student. In day care centers, the transfer per child is R$ 1.07. The transfer is made directly to the States and municipalities, based on the School Census carried out in the year prior to the service.
The LDO provided for the correction, by inflation, of these values for the offer of school meals. The text also shielded the budgets of universities and federal institutes, preventing further cuts in higher education spending in 2023. The article predicted that the resources allocated to each institution next year could not be less than those budgeted in 2022 and would still have to be corrected. by inflation.
“Despite the good intentions of the legislator, the proposal goes against the public interest, given that it would include specific minimum values for the Ministry of Education’s programs (referring to universities and institutes in general, permanence grants and school meals), corrected in the form of the spending ceiling, but accounted for within the individual limits of the Executive Branch”, argued the Ministry of Economy.
The president also vetoed a device approved by the National Congress that stipulated that spending on public health actions and services next year would be corrected for inflation and population variation in 2022, as estimated by the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE).
“The legislative proposal is contrary to the public interest, as it would add adjustment parameters to those provided for in the Constitution, restrict the Executive Power’s allocative discretion in the implementation of public policies, cause an increase in the amount of primary expenditures with mandatory execution and further increase the rigidity of the budget, which would make it difficult not only to comply with the fiscal target but also the spending ceiling and the golden rule”, says the text of the veto.