At the end of the 1930s, in America and Europe, there was a trend towards new forms of cars: cars became lower, wider, with a short hood, a spacious interior and a luggage compartment. It was planned to implement new global trends in the third generation of GAZ passenger cars.
Svetlana Parfenova Model design began in 1939. According to one version, the designers were inspired by the 1938 Opel Kapitan model with a streamlined monocoque body, a 2.5-liter engine and a front spring suspension.
Svetlana Parfenova Andrey Alexandrovich, chief designer of the Gorky Automobile Plant, became the main ideologist for the creation of the Pobeda car. [Липгарт](https://motor.ru/stories/best-soviet-cars.htm). In the photo, the M-20V Pobeda, produced in 1955, is a car of the third series.
Svetlana Parfenova GAZ M-20 “Victory” became the first mass-produced passenger car of the post-war period. The predecessor of “Victory” was the famous [«эмка» ГАЗ М-1](https://motor.ru/stories/gazm1.htm).
Svetlana Parfenova The creation of the first prototype of the “Victory” was completed in the fall of 1944. The second sample was ready in January 1945. It was equipped with a four-cylinder GAZ-20 engine. This version of the engine was launched into mass production.
Svetlana Parfenova Production of Pobeda began in August 1946. The photo shows a car in 1955, released at the time of the transition from the second to the third series.
Svetlana Parfenova And this car has a sedan-cabriolet body.
Svetlana Parfenova From the end of 1948 to 1952, 14,222 copies of such Pobeda were produced.
Svetlana Parfenova Pictured is a 1950 car.
Svetlana Parfenova This “Victory” with a pickup truck was built at the Second Automobile Repair Plant in Moscow in 1955.
Svetlana Parfenova Pickups and vans were created by car repair plants and car fleets on the basis of Pobeda, which were undergoing major repairs. Their carrying capacity was 400–500 kg.
Svetlana Parfenova M-20 Pobeda pickup.
Svetlana Parfenova In front of you is the M-72 – an all-wheel drive sedan-all-terrain vehicle with a Pobeda body and transmission and chassis units from the GAZ-69. The creation of such a car was facilitated by the desire of Nikita Sergeevich Khrushchev to transplant middle managers in the virgin lands from “gas trucks” to cars with comfortable interiors.
Svetlana Parfenova 4677 copies of such a car were produced.
Svetlana Parfenova M-72 1957 release.
Svetlana Parfenova Convertible sedan “Victory” 1952 release.
Svetlana Parfenova Svetlana Parfenova Svetlana Parfenova In 1955, Pobeda underwent a planned modernization. About 30 minor improvements were made to the design of the car, as well as three large and noticeable ones: a new radiator lining, a ring horn button and a standard radio. The model received the index 20B and the name “third series”.
Svetlana Parfenova M-20G Pobeda is a special vehicle with a 6-cylinder engine from [ГАЗ-12 (ЗИМ)](https://motor.ru/stories/the-history-of-zim.htm).
Svetlana Parfenova This modification was made by order of the KGB of the USSR. The car developed a speed of 130 km / h.
Svetlana Parfenova In the photo the car is under restoration.
Svetlana Parfenova This Pobeda-Sport is a replica of a sports car built in the experimental workshop of the automobile plant for the Torpedo-GAZ team racers in 1956. We recommend to learn more about this car from [захватывающего репортажа](https://motor.ru/reports/pobedasport.htm) by Ilya Frolov.
Svetlana Parfenova Interior of “Victory-Sport”
Svetlana Parfenova Svetlana Parfenova The exhibits of the exhibition are surrounded by information stands that tell about the work of the plant, about designers, about experimental and special models of machines.
Svetlana Parfenova Here you can find technical information and historical facts.
Svetlana Parfenova The Victory Parade exhibition of retro cars will run until May 21, 2023.
Until May 21, the Special Purpose Garage Museum of the FSO of Russia will host an exhibition dedicated to the 78th anniversary of the Victory in the Great Patriotic War, and it is called the Victory Parade. The GAZ M-20 car has become a symbol of an entire era. The Moscow exhibition tells about the history of the creation and development of the model and shows carefully restored cars of different years and with different body types. Check out some interesting specimens in our photo gallery.