The newest Russian tanks on the T-14 platform, recently “lit up” in the NMD zone, apparently, do not yet participate directly in the “meat grinder” at the forefront. However, in the event of a serious onslaught of strike groups of the Armed Forces of Ukraine on Russian positions, they will almost certainly take part in the battles. The AvtoVzglyad portal tells what can oppose Armata to foreign Leopards with Challengers operating in a company with old Soviet armored vehicles.
Speaking about the real combat use of “Armat”, it can be assumed that they will try not to throw them into “cavalry” attacks on the enemy as part of tank “wedges”. First of all, because the T-14 platform is not just another armored monster, but the first Russian piece of military equipment capable of creating a single reconnaissance and strike information field on the battlefield, which simultaneously includes tankers, infantry, artillerymen and aviation.
At the moment, “Armata” can act as an information “leader of the pack” of specially equipped T-90 main tanks. Most likely, it is in this role that the Russian military will first try to use the T-14 in real combat conditions. As you know, this tank became almost the first armored vehicle of a similar class in the world, in whose design an uninhabited tower was used.
The crew of three (driver, weapon operator and commander) are placed inside the hull in a separate armored capsule. They receive almost all information about the surrounding reality from a variety of sensors located on the armor of the vehicle. Optical surveillance devices, by and large, are used here only when driving a tank. The rest of the information is supplied by several radars and video cameras of the optical and infrared ranges.
As well as sensors of various types of radiation, with the help of which on-board electronics seek out enemy positions and detect attacking ammunition. It is known that all this equipment is hidden from fragments and bullets under the outer layer of light armor – on top of the main multi-layer protection, resistant to the effects of all types of shells and missiles in the arsenal of the enemy. There were also reports that the “Armata”, already located in the NVO zone, were retrofitted with special gratings covering them from cumulative ammunition.
Among the Armata’s protective equipment, one should also name a special body coating that absorbs radio waves and masks the car in the IR range. Which at times reduces the distance from which the “Armata” can be aimed from the existing anti-tank missile systems and guns of the enemy. The newest active defense system of the tank is able to recognize not only an incoming ATGM missile, but also a high-speed tank feathered ammunition – a high-strength “scrap” capable of penetrating even a meter-long steel armor.
When such a “gift” approaches, the tank’s turret automatically turns towards the threat, substituting the most durable armor – frontal. At the same time, the dynamic protection of the “Armata” shoots a metal plate into the incoming projectile – thereby knocking it off the trajectory.
T-14, detecting that someone is aiming at it – for example, at the radiation of an enemy radar or laser – throws out a cloud of “ionized smoke” that hides the combat vehicle like a curtain. In addition, the “Armata” radar installation is able to act as a counter-battery reconnaissance radar. It tracks the trajectories of projectiles flying past and calculates the positions of enemy guns.
The tank’s weapon control system is fully digital. The basis of its firepower is the 125 mm 2A82−1M smoothbore gun. The gun is made with internal alloying of the barrel, which drastically increases its service life. The firing range is up to 7000 meters, and the rate of fire is 10-12 rounds per minute. At the same time, the automatic loader of the gun can work with large ammunition – up to 1 meter long. This is necessary for firing high-power sub-caliber armor-piercing projectiles, such as the latest Vacuum-1.
In addition, the Armata cannon, apparently, calmly “digests” all the 125-mm shells used today by Russian main tanks, including cumulative and high-explosive fragmentation rounds. It is also capable of launching Invar guided missiles.
On top of the Armata turret, a 12.7 mm machine gun is mounted in its own small rotating turret. The crew can control it remotely, as well as use it for firing at air targets (at a distance of up to 1500 meters), using the target designation of airborne radars.
It is also reported that the Armata is equipped with a reconnaissance drone powered by a cable from the tank’s on-board electrical network. The drone, dubbed the Pterodactyl, carries its own radar and thermal sight. He is able to rise to a height of 50-100 meters and observe objects at a distance of up to 10 km. With such a “bird” above it, “Armata” can conduct accurate fire at the enemy from a closed position or hiding from the enemy’s sights behind its absorbing radio waves and laser radiation with a masking smoke screen. Or correct the fire of the “pack” of T-90 wards, as well as attached artillery.
Thus, the “Armata” T-14 has something to surprise the enemy on the battlefield strongly and unpleasantly. Unless, of course, the military authorities dare to bring this newest combat vehicle under the possible fire of enemy artillery and drones.
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